Signs that you need Aortic valve implantation

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR), commonly referred to as Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI), is a minimally invasive medical procedure used to treat aortic valve stenosis, an issue in which blood flow from the heart to other parts of the body becomes restricted and potentially life-threatening. It involves inserting a tiny catheter through which an artificial valve will be implanted into your aorta for easy and precise placement within its lumen.

Implantation process of TAVI

  1. Patient Evaluation for TAVI: Before initiating the procedure, an intensive review is conducted of each patient’s medical history, general health status, and severity of aortic stenosis. Various diagnostic tests such as echocardiography, CT scans, and angiograms will help ascertain suitability for TAVI implantation.
  2. Anesthesia / Sedation: Local anesthetic and sedation can be administered to ensure patient comfort throughout the procedure.
  3. Access: When making an incision in either the leg artery or chest to insert the catheter, small incisions must be made at both sites to make an entryway for it.
  4. Delivery of the Valve: For installation, an expandable or self-expanding prosthetic valve crimped onto a catheter is threaded through blood vessels until reaching the aortic valve.
  5. Assessment and Adjustment: Imaging techniques such as echocardiography or angiography will be used to assess the position and function of a new valve, while adjustments may be made as necessary to ensure optimal valve placement and functioning.

Benefits of aortic valve implantation

  1. Minimally Invasive Procedure: Aortic valve replacement surgery uses minimally invasive catheter-based techniques, typically through small incisions in leg arteries or chest. This allows for quicker recovery times and reduced trauma compared to open-heart surgery, leading to faster healing times with reduced pain levels compared with open-heart procedures.
  2. Lower Risk and Shorter Hospital Stay: TAVI is designed for minimally invasive use, which leads to decreased risks such as infections, bleeding, and stroke compared with open heart surgery. This results in shorter hospital stays and faster returns to daily activities for patients.
  3. Recommended for High-Risk Patients: Aortic valve implantation may provide a suitable treatment option for high-risk or inoperable open-heart surgery patients due to factors like advanced age, frailty, or other medical conditions.
  4. Improved Quality of Life: Aortic valve stenosis can result in significant symptoms, including shortness of breath, chest pain, and fatigue. Relieving obstruction and restoring proper blood flow with TAVI can significantly enhance the quality of life by enabling patients to enjoy physical activities more fully as well as participate in daily life more fully.
  5. Faster Recovery: Minimally Invasive Aortic Valve Implantation can often result in a faster recovery period compared to open heart surgery, often involving shorter hospital stays, reduced discomfort levels, and quicker return to daily activities.

Factors to Consider in Valve Replacement TAVI in Delhi

Deciding whether or not valve replacement Tavi in Delhi, or any other location, involves carefully considering various factors and evaluating which approach would work best for each patient.

  1. Severity of Aortic Stenosis: The degree and impact of narrowing of an aortic valve play an integral role in deciding the necessity for intervention, with severe cases often indicated by shortness of breath, chest pain, and fatigue as an indicator of TAVI intervention.
  2. Patient Age and Health Status: TAVI is typically prescribed to older patients who are at increased risk for open-heart surgery due to age-related factors or health conditions that impact them, so comprehensive health evaluations are conducted before beginning TAVI therapy.
  3. Frailty and Functional Status: Patients’ physical condition and functional status are evaluated to ascertain whether TAVI is suitable for them and how quickly they will recover post-procedure. Frailty assessments provide important insights into whether its minimally invasive approach would meet their needs.
  4. Comorbidities: Diabetes, hypertension, lung disease, and kidney issues can affect TAVI’s risk assessment; to make an informed decision these comorbidities must be assessed thoroughly to make an accurate evaluation.
  5. Anatomical Considerations: To ascertain whether and the appropriate approach for a procedure, considerations such as anatomy of the aortic valve, size and shape of the aorta as well as available vascular access routes must be assessed to ascertain feasibility and viability.


As medical knowledge and technology advance, aortic valve implantation remains at the forefront of cardiac care innovation, providing hope and improved quality of life to those suffering from aortic valve stenosis in Delhi and around the world. TAVI is guided by collaboration among medical professionals, patient engagement initiatives, ongoing research projects, and its use to boost cardiovascular health.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Back to top button